This mutation acts as a normal recessive gene. Each parent must contribute the Bronze gene to the offspring for the offspring to be a Bronze. If only one parent contributes the Bronze gene and the other contributes only normal color genes, then the offspring is heterozygous for Bronze whether it is a male or female. If Buford Bronze is bred to Buford Bronze, one gets all Buford Bronze offspring.
The peacock's head, neck and chest is a dark almost black with a dark green iridescence similar to a black olive. His train and saddle is a collection of dark brown, taupes, cocoa browns and mauves with touches of bronze and coppery iridescence.
The history of Buford Bronze peafowl is described as follows on the Roughwood Aviaries website.
This peafowl was named for the late Buford Abbott of Marysville , Tennessee . Buford had worked with this new mutation for four years after buying the young male at an animal swap meet in Lucasville , Ohio , in the fall of 1988 for $25.00. It was a young male of that year's hatch. Buford later bred this peacock to a number of different varieties of peahens - Green, Pied, Cameo, Spalding and Blue. He produced numerous offspring.
This peacock came to Roughwood in 1992 after Buford Abbott's death on February 20. All of Buford's animals were sold by his family at a sale at his farm. Numbers of other peafowl were also purchased in hopes of getting some offspring of this bird with which to breed to produce this new color. Buford used a toe punch and web notching method to keep track of his birds. Buford's records were not very decipherable, so we were never quite sure if we were breeding with the Bronze male's offspring or not. Another Buford Bronze was not produced at Roughwood until the original cock was bred to a hen we had produced here. The hen was one of his offspring. So most likely we were not breeding with any of his offspring prior to this.
We produced three Buford Bronze hens in 1994. Then we produced the first new Buford Bronze male in 1995 along with more Bronze hens.
Buford believed this original cock to be a gray Charcoal peacock. He had seen the Charcoal cock with which we were working here at Roughwood and felt it was most similar. The Charcoal cock is, however, much grayer than the Buford Bronze which has a browner base color, more like the Cameo peafowl. The Bronze cock also has lots of subtle colors in its train, whereas the Charcoal cock is totally gray.